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Executions in China said to outpace world despite decline

Executions in China said to outpace world despite decline

This was a sharp jump on the previous year's tally (1,998) and exceeded a record-high of 2,466 reported in 2014. "With just four countries responsible for 87% of all recorded executions - the death penalty is itself living on borrowed time". However, no executions were recorded in the country.

While the government has agreed to review drug laws in the country, it should also explore its options in entirely abolishing the death penalty, Shamini said.

"At its best the United Kingdom does some very important work in encouraging countries to end capital punishment, but with death sentences running at record levels around the world now is not the time to go quiet on the issue". Only 64 countries were fully abolitionist in 1997.

However, death sentence in the neighbouring country of Pakistan was down by 73 percent. There are 46 crimes punishable by death in China, including drug offences, arson and embezzlement.

Amnesty International arrived at its estimate by evaluating information from people sentenced to death and their families or representatives, non-governmental and intergovernmental organisations, field research, news reports and occasional semi-official disclosures in Chinese state media. The following methods of execution were used across the world: beheading, hanging, lethal injection and shooting.

There are also no figures for foreigners who have been executed, despite media reports to the contrary.

"Nobody executes at that scale".

Iran had 567 confirmed cases, while Saudi Arabia had 154 cases.

In Iran, at least 567 people were executed a year ago, compared with 977 in 2015.

Campaigners welcomed the 37% year-on-year fall but warned the number remains historically high. This rate of executions is half that of 2007, a third that of 1997. He had been executed 21 years earlier, at the age of 20.

A year after its founding in 1921, China's Communist party said it wanted to "abolish the death penalty, abolish corporal punishment". "The size of death row was higher than expected". This is the lowest number recorded since 1973. In 2015, there were 1,998 sentences across 61 countries. Two Caribbean countries -Antigua and Barbuda and Bahamas- commuted their last remaining death sentences.

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Egypt came in sixth place with a doubling of executions to 44 in 2016 from 22 in 2015.

The precise number of executions is considered a state secret, shrouded by a complex set of laws.

China has faced longstanding pressure from the global community to curb its use of the death penalty, which reached a frenzy in 1983 with 24,000 executions after provincial courts were given powers to mete out capital punishment, according to Dui Hua.

The ranking does not include Vietnam, because the country did not provide yearly breakdowns, instead providing data from August 2013 to June 2016.

In the modern era, 24,000 were executed in 1983 alone, when provincial courts were given power to hand down the death penalty, said Mr Nee.

The Amnesty report also said China's court database omitted mention of foreign nationals put to death for drug-related crimes, despite media reports of at least 11 cases past year.

Maldives and the Philippines took steps in the wrong direction towards the resumptions of executions after more than six decades and the reintroduction of the death penalty, respectively. Whilst fewer executions were recorded, the number of death sentences logged rose by 145%. "For eight years now the U.S. has had the shameful distinction of being the only country in the Americas that carries out executions". It is estimated to be in the 1,000's each year.

Over the past few years the risk of people being executed for crimes they did not commit has caused increasing alarm among the public in China.

In Europe and Central Asia, Belarus resumed executions after a 17-month hiatus. The death penalty is not going to make anyone any safer.

In the Middle East and North Africa overall, the number of executions decreased by 28%. In another case, the wrongful execution of an Inner Mongolian teenager in 1996 - 18-year-old Huugjilt - led to 27 officials being punished in February 2016.

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